Starting a new garden could be a great way to beautify the bare lawns around your home, start a new hobby, or even teach your children about horticulture or renewable resources. Whatever your reasons are for setting a new garden, when you’re starting from scratch there are some important things that you should know before you begin. From choosing the type of garden, determining your soil type, and making sure you have the necessary equipment, the success of your new garden will come down to one thing: planning.
Determine the Type of Garden That You Want
Before you can even begin you will need to know what type of garden you will plant.
Your garden could add color and curb appeal, or you could even start a new source of fresh home produce. Flowerbeds and vegetable gardens require different approaches, and if you’re thinking of planting a tree within your garden you will need to take care to choose the right tree for the size of land you have to work with.
Sunlight exposure, protection from wind, and your planting zone will make a difference to what kind of plants or crops you can choose. The USDA provides helpful maps on their website which suggest the best type of plants and crops for your geographical area.
Even when you have a fair amount of yard space it can be beneficial to start small. If you have little or no experience in gardening then a small garden will let you develop your skills without committing to a large project that may end up overwhelming you. A small garden should take you no more than a day to measure up, prepare the soil, and enclose the planting area.
Prepare your soil
The quality of your soil will determine the health of the garden, as will ensuring the area has enough sunlight and is protected from wind exposure. You will need to remove any grass and roots from your planting area, and prime the soil for planting. This means breaking up the soil for seeding or starter plants. If you’re not in a particularly fertile area, it may be easier to remove the top layers of soil and replace this with packaged growing soil, which is available from all home and gardening centers.
You can have a soil test performed by a landscaper, or with a DIY kit to make sure that your existing soil will support a healthy garden.
Choose Your Plants or Crops
What you plant will be determined by your planting zone, but you can then think about colors and looks of the garden. Separate colored flowers, plants, or vegetable crops in to sections. A uniformed layout will look great once the garden is thriving, and also makes it easier to maintain the garden depending on the needs of each plant.
Be Prepared for Maintenance
From seeding to general maintenance, gardening takes regular care. Watering, maintaining soil health, and even protecting your garden with frost mats in the colder months could all be necessary. Be prepared to dedicate at least 20 – 30 minutes of each day to watering, weeding, and maintaining your small garden.
By following a few simple practices in the early stages of your garden, you’ll be able to ensure that your first efforts lead to success. Giving your garden the best start could mean that you have a thriving garden in less than a year, and a great foundation to build from and truly transform the landscape around your home.